The Dow and the S&P 500 index ended at all-time highs Friday after the monthly U.S. jobs report came in better than expected, as the economy continues to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and investors shake off delta variant concerns.
Consumer discretionary shares and technology stocks were hurt by a rise in long-dated benchmark bond yields and a rise in the U.S. dollar though, putting pressure on growth stock areas of the market.
What did the major indexes do?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average
rose 144.26 points, or 0.4%, to a record 35,208.51.
The S&P 500 index
added 7.42 points, or 0.2%, to a record 4,436.52.
The Nasdaq Composite Index
fell 59.36 points, or 0.4%, to 14,835.76.
On Thursday, the Dow industrials rose 271.58 points, or 0.78%, to finish at 35,064.25. The S&P 500 gained 26.44 points, or 0.6%, to close at 4,429.10 and the Nasdaq Composite advanced 114.58 points, or 0.8%, to end at 14,895.12, both setting fresh closing records.
For the week, the Dow gained 0.8%, while the S&P 500 advanced 0.9% and the tech-heavy Nasdaq rose 1.1%.
What drove markets?
The Dow and S&P 500 closed at record highs Friday, with major U.S. stock benchmarks booking weekly gains of around 1%.
The record finishes for the Dow and S&P 500 came after investors digested a fresh employment report for July from the U.S. Labor Department that saw a better-than-expected 943,000 jobs created and the unemployment rate fall to 5.4% from 5.9%. The gain in new jobs exceeded what was seen in June and offers some hope that the stalled employment recovery is regaining some steam.
The jobs report “threw some cold water on worries that a lot of investors had that cyclical strong growth will slow,” said Brent Schutte, chief investment strategist at Northwestern Mutual Wealth Management Co., in a phone interview.
Schutte expects the stock market will continue to move higher this year, but “more so in those cyclical areas that do well when growth is strong.” That means buying opportunities in small-cap and value stocks, he said.
“The Main Street economy is recovering as well or better than we would have hoped,” said Josh Rubin, a portfolio manager at Santa Fe, New Mexico-based Thornburg Investment Management, in an interview. “That’s definitely much more positive for the brick-and-mortar economy compared to the Nasdaq-side of the economy being able to maintain lofty valuations.”
The July jobs data came as businesses have been struggling with back-to-work plans due to the fast spread of the delta variant of Covid, which has been hitting the U.S. and other countries world-wide.
was a laggard among the S&P 500’s 11 sectors, down 0.7% as it was led by declines in Amazon.com
and travel-related firms Booking Holdings Inc.
and Expedia Group
Still, the strong jobs report may be underpinning some hope for ongoing improvement in quarterly corporate earnings in the remainder of the year from American companies after what has thus far been a strong second quarter, Matt Peron, director of research at Janus Henderson Investors said.
“This bodes well for continued earnings strength in 2H21, which should be supportive of the market, especially for the economically sensitive sectors which have been laggards of late,” wrote Peron in emailed remarks Friday.
However, the data also may embolden the Federal Reserve to pullback on accommodative measures that have helped to stimulate economic growth and asset prices.
Indeed, a number of analysts took the report as giving credence to the Federal Reserve’s timeline to taper its quantitative-easing measures, or the $120 billion a month bond-buying program that helped to ease tight financial conditions during the height of the pandemic turmoil back in March and April of 2020.
“We know that the Fed was looking for substantial progress in the labour market recovery and that is exactly what we appear to be seeing over the past two reports,” wrote Fiona Cincotta, senior financial markets analyst at City Index, in emailed remarks. “Today’s better than forecast reading prompted bets that the Fed could look to taper support sooner.”
Investors have speculated that the U.S. central bank may signal its intention to scale back its asset-purchases program at a monetary policy gathering in Jackson Hole, in northwestern Wyoming, by the end of this month.
Northwestern Mutual Wealth Management Co.’s Schutte expects the next monthly jobs report may be particularly influential in any potential move by the Fed toward tapering as it will have “the delta variant fully baked into it.” He said concerns over the delta variant has “amped up in the last couple of weeks.”
Earlier this week, Federal Reserve Vice Chairman Richard Clarida, said the conditions for the first rate increase will be met “by year-end 2022” allowing for the first move in 2023. The Fed vice chairman said he sees the recent rise in inflation as “transitory.” But he added that the risks of higher inflation are greater than the risks of low inflation.
“The Fed is playing a fine line,” said Phil Kastenholz, director in investment strategy and research at Aspiriant, in an interview Friday. “We’re worried about the market not fully appreciating how soon the Fed may have to increase rates and the speed of tapering.”
Kastenholz said that he is particularly concerned about wage inflation, with the jobs report Friday showing a 4% increase over the past year. He worries higher wages could lead to stickier rises in inflation.
In other economic news, a reading on U.S. wholesale inventories increased 1.1% in June.
On the public health front, the U.S. is averaging more than seven times as many new COVID cases a day as it was at the beginning of July, according to a New York Times tracker, the majority of whom are in unvaccinated people.
California will require COVID-19 vaccines for all healthcare workers by Sept. 30, the Associated Press reported. And New Jersey will require masks for K-12 students and school staff when the new year begins in a few weeks, Gov. Phil Murphy was set to announce Friday as COVID-19 cases rise in the state, AP reported.
What stocks were in focus?
stock tumbled 18.2% as the videogame publisher’s outlook overshadowed results that topped Wall Street estimates.
shares slid 19.6% as the biotech reported a wider-than-expected loss on the quarter, and said it push back submitting its COVID-19 vaccine to the Food and Drug Administration for emergency use authorization until the fourth quarter.
Shares of Sphere 3D Corp. ANY soared 41.3% on heavy volume to pace after the stand-alone storage and technologies company announced an agreement that provides a six-month exclusive right to assume all of Hertford Advisors Ltd.’s rights to bitcoin mining agreements.
Shares of DraftKings Inc. DKNG rose 2.2%, after the sports betting company raised its full-year revenue outlook, but the company disclosed an investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission concerning allegations over “black-market gaming” and money laundering made by short seller Hindenburg Research.
Shares of Moderna Inc. MRNA slipped 0.6%, after the biotechnology company with one of the three COVID-19 vaccines granted emergency use authorization in the U.S. was downgraded by a longtime bullish analyst, saying that “the dream is alive, but valuation moves us to the sidelines.”
Shares of Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. GT rose 6.6%, after the tire maker reported a second-quarter profit that was double what was expected, with revenue from all geographic regions topping forecasts, as the negative effect on demand from the COVID-19 pandemic “moderated significantly.”
Shares of Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd. NCLH rose 2.9%, after the cruise operator reported a narrower-than-expected second quarter loss but revenue that was a bit light and cash burn that topped guidance.
Cinemark Holdings Inc. CNK posted a net loss of $142.5 million, or $1.19 per share, for the second quarter, narrower than the loss of $170.4 million, or $1.45 a share, posted in the year-earlier period. Revenue came to $294.7 million, up from just $9.0 million a year ago when theaters were closed for the pandemic. Its stock rose 1.9%.
Shares of Lear Corp.
declined 0.1%, after the auto seating and electronics systems company reported second-quarter profit that beat expectations, revenue that nearly doubled but was shy of forecasts and cut its full-year outlook citing the impact of semiconductor and component shortages.
Gannett Co. Inc. shares GCI jumped 14.2%, after the USA Today parent posted a surprise profit for the second quarter as revenue topped estimates.
The U.S. Postal Service reported Friday fiscal third-quarter losses that widened to nearly $3 billion, with revenue rising 4.8% but expenses growing 8.3% amid higher transportation costs.
Canopy Growth Corp. shares CGC, WEED, gained about 0.1% in U.S. trading after the Canadian cannabis company posted a profit for its fiscal first quarter, thanks to noncash fair value changes in some of its holdings of more than C$600 million ($479.9 million).
How did other markets do?
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note TMUBMUSD10Y rose about 7 basis points to settle at 1.288%. Yields and debt prices move in opposite directions.
The ICE U.S. Dollar Index DXY, a measure of the currency against a basket of six major rivals, rose 0.6%.
—Barbara Kollmeyer contributed to this report.