The Federal Trade Commission voted Wednesday to rescind a 1995 statement that loosened merger review reporting requirements, an apparent setback for Big Tech.

The 3-2 vote along party lines means that a company that had been stopped from proceeding with one transaction must give prior notice to the FTC if it considers a similar deal. The FTC could then stop the new deal without spending months investigating it.

“Without a prior approval, the commission [had to] initiate a new investigation and then go into court to block the deal anew,” FTC Chair Lina Khan said during the meeting, underscoring her point that the commission was not properly staffed to handle a tidal wave of prospective mergers. “This additional burden drains the already strapped resources of the commission and the agency staff.”

The FTC, which is in the process of resubmitting its objection to Facebook Inc.’s

billion-dollar acquisitions of Instagram and WhatsApp, took the vote in the first significant action for antitrust scrutiny of Big Tech since President Joe Biden unleashed an executive order July 9 seeking new actions. The vote occurred hours after Inc. CRM said it closed its $27.7 billion acquisition of Slack Technologies Inc.

See also: These 7 markets are the target of Biden’s new antimonopoly executive order

Khan has pushed for new definitions of antitrust, with a target on Big Tech, and the companies have fought back. Facebook filed a petition on July 14 to have Khan recused from the agency’s ongoing antitrust lawsuit against the social-media company, after Inc.

filed a similar request.

For more: New FTC chair Lina Khan is Big Tech’s biggest nightmare

Wednesday’s vote along party lines mirrors a push by Democrats to reshape antiquated antitrust law. To that end, Congress is working on six bills; Biden issued a nonbinding executive order covering the same ground; and the Biden administration has nominated Google


critic Jonathan Kanter to head the Justice Department’s antitrust division.

“I think a lot about the deterrent effect that we need to be sending” to deter “clearly anticompetitive” mergers, FTC Commissioner Rebecca Slaughter, a Democrat, said.

Fellow Commissioner Christine Wilson, a Republican, said there was no evidence to dump the 1995 policy statement, and the change would cause uncertainty over deals.

The FTC has not indicated the scope of acquisitions that would be reportable, either by targeted market or specific products.

Facebook, Google parent Alphabet Inc., Amazon, and Apple Inc.

were not immediately available for comment. All four stocks were relatively flat in late trading Wednesday, with Facebook the top performer, up 1%.

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