The numbers: New applications for unemployment benefits fell last week to a new pandemic low, as companies sought to hire more workers and avoid layoffs amid a robust U.S. economic recovery.
Initial jobless claims fell by 26,000 to 360,000 in the seven days ended July 10, matching the forecast of economists polled by The Wall Street Journal. These are traditional benefits paid by the states.
An additional 96,362 applications for benefits were filed through a temporary federal relief program set up during the pandemic, the government said Thursday.
The number of people applying for state or federal benefits each week has fallen gradually this year, but claims are still more than double the pre-pandemic average. New claims ran in the low 200,000s before the viral outbreak.
Big picture: The rapidly recovering economy could grow even faster if millions of people who left the labor force during the pandemic went back to work. Companies have a record number of job opening, but they can’t fill some of them.
“Businesses are still having trouble finding people,” Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said on Wednesday in testimony to Congress.
Twenty-six states have cut off extra federal unemployment benefits in an effort to push the unemployed to find work. Businesses have complained that the benefits are keeping people from accepting jobs.
A new poll by Morning Consult estimates that as many as 1.8 million Americans are staying home because the benefits bring them enough money to get by for now.
About 13.8 million people were receiving unemployment compensation as of late June.
Other factors people have cited include fear of the coronavirus, childcare responsibilities, or an ample financial cushion, perhaps because a spouse is working.
The federal benefits are set to expire in all states in September.
The details: New jobless claims fell the most in Georgia, Rhode Island, Alabama and Maryland. The only states to report big increases were New York and Texas.
The number of people already collecting state jobless benefits, meanwhile, fell by 126,000 to a seasonally adjusted 3.24 million. These so-called continuing claims are consistently falling to new pandemic lows.
Texas and Georgia, two of the states that cut off benefits, showed the biggest decline in the number of people getting benefits. They accounted for almost the entire decline in continuing claims.
Some 4.7 million people who have exhausted state compensation were also getting temporary federal benefits. That was down almost 200,000 from the prior week.
Note to readers: A government review found the number of distinct individuals collecting benefits has been inflated by fraud and double counting.
What they are saying? “Initial claims are gradually falling as layoffs slow, but they remain well above their pre-pandemic level,” said chief economist Gus Faucher of PNC Financial Services. “And there are almost 14 million people receiving some form of unemployment insurance benefit, up from around 2 million before the pandemic.”